Grammatical Marking of Relative Age in Yakima Kinship Terms

Joana Jansen, in her Ph.D. dissertation “A Grammar of Yakima Ichshkin/Sahaptin” (University of Oregon, 2010, p. 152) reports that in Yakima, possessive forms of kin terms take different grammatical modifiers depending on whether the designated relative belongs to an older generation or to a younger/same generation as Ego.

The grammatization of the older-younger distinction in kin terms is also recorded in another Sahaptin language, Umatilla.

No grammatical encoding of Speaker Gender is reported, although Yakima has different referential terms for younger siblings of a man and younger siblings of a woman.

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